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What to do if you haven't filed your taxes in the last few years

Max Zahn

Tax season is in full swing, but don’t fret if you haven’t filed—unless fretting will spur you to action. The deadline, April 15, is less than a month away.

If you’ve pondered sitting out the task altogether, think again, said Donna Cuiffo, a tax partner at New York-based Clarfeld Financial Advisors.

She answered a reader’s question about whether filing returns is worth doing at all.

Should I file this year if I didn’t file last year?

Not only should you file, but you’ll likely have twice the work.

If you haven’t filed taxes for the past two years, you should file taxes for both, Cuiffo said.

She does note an exception. “Some people aren’t required to file if you haven’t earned a lot of money,” she says. If you’re single and under age 65, the annual income minimum is $12,000; if you’re single and 65 or older, it’s $13,000. The tax filing minimums vary for spouses .

If you didn’t make enough to warrant a filing, either this year or last, then don’t worry about filing returns for both years. Focus on the year for which you exceeded the minimum income.

Hand pulling out file in filing cabinet with tax forms and papers with words Refund and Taxes 2018 handwritten on file folder conceptual dollar signs images and light bulb for ideas on tax refund conceptual financial planning photography

Should I always file taxes?

You should always file taxes, unless your income doesn’t cross the minimum threshold. Otherwise, you risk stiff consequences and the loss of a potential refund, Cuiffo said.

“If you know you haven’t filed, you do need to file, especially the higher your tax liability,” Cuiffo says. “If there is a shortfall, the penalty could be as much as 5% a month on the balance owed. That accumulates very quickly.”

“If you do have a W-2, you want to make sure you’re not due a refund,” she adds. “If you believe you have a refund and you’ve overpaid, filing late isn’t going to hurt you.”

But one reason for urgency stands out.

“You want your money back,” Cuiffo says. “Why give the government an interest-free loan?”

Max Zahn is a reporter for Yahoo Finance.

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