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Warren Buffett's burning distaste for quarterly earnings reports

Brian Sozzi
Berkshire Hathaway Chairman and CEO Warren Buffett speaks during an interview in Omaha, Neb., with Liz Claman on Fox Business Network's "Countdown to the Closing Bell." Berkshire Hathaway Inc. reports earnings Friday, Feb. 22, 2019. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)s

Warren Buffett is unlike most CEOs in terms of sheer wealth and how he thinks about doing business for his fellow Berkshire Hathaway shareholders.

For decades, the 88-year old billionaire has stressed the virtues of long-term investing and championed the pursuit of hidden value in an often ginned up stock market. Buffett has also made it no secret that he has a burning distaste for quarterly earnings reporting.

By executives focusing on making a quarterly earnings number — which is compiled by usually biased Wall Street analysts — Buffett believes it comes at the expense of instituting the correct decisions for the long-term health of the business.

Even after all these years of following the Oracle of Omaha, it may be striking to some to hear Buffett proclaim Berkshire has no company-wide budget and doesn’t prepare monthly earnings reports. The behavior is remarkable, especially compared to the numerous quick buck artists that continue to man corporate C-suites.

“Berkshire, in fact, may be the only company in the Fortune 500 that does not prepare monthly earnings reports or balance sheets. I, of course, regularly view the monthly financial reports of most subsidiaries. But Charlie and I learn of Berkshire's overall earnings and financial position only on a quarterly basis,” Buffett wrote in his most recent annual letter to Berkshire Hathaway shareholders on Feb, 25. “Furthermore, Berkshire has no company-wide budget (though many of our subsidiaries find one useful). Our lack of such an instrument means that the parent company has never had a quarterly "number" to hit. Shunning the use of this bogey sends an important message to our many managers, reinforcing the culture we prize.”

Adds Buffett, “Playing with the numbers ‘just this once’ may well be the CEO's intent; it's seldom the end result. And if it's okay for the boss to cheat a little, it's easy for subordinates to rationalize similar behavior. At Berkshire, our audience is neither analysts nor commentators: Charlie and I are working for our shareholder-partners. The numbers that flow up to us will be the ones we send on to you.”

Talk about Buffett sending a clear message to the well-paid executives occupying the comfy C-suites at other public companies. Most CEO’s, however, are simply unable to put Buffett’s long-termism into practice.

Pick your reason as to why.

L-R: Peter, Warren and Susie Buffett attend the world premiere of "Becoming Warren Buffet" (HBO Documentary Films) at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, NY on January 19, 2017. (Photo by Stephen Smith)

Linking compensation to performance

For starters, countless big corporations link compensation plans of their top executives to earnings per share growth and stock price performance versus competitors. Hence, top executives are inclined to do everything they can — from buying back stock to temporarily cutting back on marketing expenses — to “make” an earnings number each quarter that pleases the Wall Street wolves.

But, those actions could come at the expense of long-term value creation. No matter, said top executives will be retired and rich when that long-term arrives — right?

Berkshire Hathaway’s culture, set by Buffett and long-time partner Charlie Munger, precludes it from living in the today as most leading executives usually do.

Meanwhile, many executives are obsessed with how their stock price performs each day. If the stock puts in a few bad weeks, the executive team could try and cook up ways to boost the stock temporarily (see possible actions above). Again, Buffett is not concerned with short-term movements in Berkshire Hathaway’s stock mostly given confidence in the businesses (and their managers) and investments he owns.

And hey, Buffett’s track record when it comes to value creation is virtually unmatched.

A call to end quarterly reporting

Buffett isn’t the only prominent CEO to rail against quarterly earnings reporting. Blackrock’s Larry Fink, a vocal opponent, and former PepsiCo CEO Indra Nooyi are keen on releasing earnings every six months. In August 2018, President Donald Trump said he had asked the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission to study a six-month reporting system.

No updates from the Trump administration or SEC have been forthcoming.

But it’s likely the system of quarterly earnings reporting will be revised as it creates undue market volatility and fosters bad practices inside companies. Business news TV networks cringe at the prospect (say goodbye to that stream of quarterly CEO interviews…), but shareholders of big and small companies should view it favorably.

Yet again, the Oracle is dead on.

Brian Sozzi is an editor-at-large at Yahoo Finance. Follow him on Twitter @BrianSozzi

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